The United States does not have an official language at the federal level. English is the language generally used for official pronouncements, though there is legislation that assists non-English speakers, such as the Voting Rights Language Assistance Act of 1992, which prohibits covered States and political subdivisions from providing English-only voting materials.
Twenty-seven individual states have adopted English as their official language, and three of those—Hawaii, Louisiana, and New Mexico—have also adopted a second official language (Hawaiian, French and Spanish, respectively). Spanish follows English as the second-most spoken language primarily due to the influence of recent Latin American immigrants. It is the primary spoken language in some areas of the Southwest. Puerto Rico's first language is Spanish. While it is a US commonwealth and not a state, its citizens have similar rights and their migration has had a significant linguistic impact on New York State and other areas.
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