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GREECE: Area & Population

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Total Area : 131,940 sq km
Population: 10,668,354

Greece is located in southeastern Europe on the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula. The Greek mainland is bounded in the north by Bulgaria, the Former Yougoslavian Republic of Macedonia, and Albania; in the east by Turkey and the Aegean Sea; and in the west and south by the Ionian and Mediterranean Seas. The country ranges aproximately in latitude from 35°00′N to 42°00′N and in longitude from 19°00′E to 28°30′E. As a result, it has considerable climactic variation, as discussed below.

The country consists of a large mainland; the Peloponnese, a peninsula connected to the mainland by the Isthmus of Corinth; and around 3,000 islands, including Crete, Rhodes, Corfu, and the Dodecanese and Cycladic groups. Greece has around 15,000 kilometers (9,300 mi.) of coastline.
About 80% of Greece is mountainous or hilly, thus making Greece one of the most mountainous countries of Europe. Western Greece contains lakes and wetlands. The Pindus mountains are the country's central range, with an average elevation of 2,650 m. The range continues by means of the Islands of Kythera, Antikythera to find its final point in the Island of Crete and Rhodes. The islands of the Aegean Sea are peaks of underwater mountains that are a geological extension of the range.

Central and Western Greece contain high, steep peaks dissected by many canyons and other karstic landscapes, including the Meteora and the Vikos Gorges - the latter being one of the largest in the world as well as the second deepest after the Grand Canyon, plunging vertically for more than 1,100 meters.

Mount Olympus forms the highest point in Greece that according last measurements is at 2,919 m above sea level. Northern Greece presents another high range, the Rhodope, located in Eastern Macedonia and Thrace; this area is covered with vast and thick century-old forests like the famous Dadia.
Plains are also found mainly in Eastern Thessaly, Central Macedonia and Thrace.

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